Political Philosophy

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Description
Political Philosophy is a comprehensive introduction to the major thinkers and topics in political philosophy. It explores the philosophical traditions which have formed and continue to inform our political judgement's. Dudley Knowles introduces the ideas of key political thinkers including Hobbes, Locke, Marx and Mill and influential contemporary thinkers such as Berlin, Rawls and Nozick.
The individual chapters discuss and analyse the ideas of utilitarianism, liberty, rights, justice, obligation and democracy. As well as outlining central problems in political philosophy, Knowles encourages the reader to critically engage with all the issues discussed.
Political Philosophy is written in a fresh and easily readable style and is ideally suited to students taking introductory courses in political theory and philosophy as well as the general reader.




Content:-
Preface
1. Introduction 
The methods of ethics and political philosophy 
A methodological impasse? 
Reflective equilibrium 
Political philosophy 
2. Utilitarianism 
The foundations of utilitarianism 
Formal theory 
Value theory 
Utilitarian political philosophy 
Liberty 
Rights 
Distributive justice 
The state 
Conclusion 
3. Liberty 
Introduction 
Liberty, liberalism, libertarianism 
Analysis 
Isaiah Berlin: negative and positive liberty 
The republican theory of freedom 
The value of freedom 
Freedom of action 
Autonomy 
Moral freedom 
Toleration 
Free states and free citizens 
Democratic freedom 
Civil liberty 
Mill’s harm principle 
Supplementary principles 
Conclusion 
4. Rights 
Introduction 
Analysis and definition 
Preliminaries 
Hohfeld’s classification 
The justification of rights 
Lockean themes: modes of ownership 
Autonomy again 
Rights and interests 
Rights and utility 
The no-theory theory 
5. Distributive justice 
Entitlement 
Nozick’s theory of entitlement 
F.A. Hayek 
Private property 
Human needs 
Equality of what? 
John Rawls’s theory of justice 
Justice as fairness 
The Original Position 
The principles of justice 
Desert 
The communitarian challenge 
6 Political obligation 
The problems 
Anarchism and communitarianism 
Consent and contract 
Original contracts 
Express consent 
Tacit consent 
Quasi-consent 
Hypothetical consent and hypothetical contract 
The benefits of good government 
The principle of fairness 
Gratitude and good government 
Conclusion 
7 Democracy 
Introduction 
Rousseau: freedom, equality and the general will 
Direct and representative democracy 
Democracy and majority tyranny 
Democracy, deliberation and disagreement 
Notes 
Bibliography 
Index

Author Details
"Dudley Knowles" is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Glasgow. He is the author of the Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Hegel and the Philosophy of Right.
Fundamentals of Philosophy Series Editor: "John Shand"









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