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Monday, November 5, 2018

The Politics Of Bureaucracy

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Description
B. Guy Peters’ comprehensive exploration of the political and policy-making roles of public bureaucracies is newly available in a fully revised and updated fifth edition. Written by a leading authority in the field it offers an extensive, well-documented, comparative analysis stressing the effects of politics and organized interests on bureaucracy. It continues to provide students of public administration with an excellent insight into bureaucracies of nations around the world.
New to the fifth edition:
• A chapter on administrative reform
• More material on administration in developing countries
• More coverage of the European Union countries and more discussion of
international bureaucracies
• Extensive revision and updating to take into account the wealth of new literature
that has emerged in recent years.



Content:-
LIST OF FIGURES 
LIST OF TABLES
1: The persistence, growth and change of government and administration
The modern public sector
Public spending 
The growth of government 
Entitlements 
Fiscal pressures 
The political process 
Decline of late capitalism 
The public bureaucracy 
Summary 
The growth of administration 
The quantitative growth of public concerns 
The qualitative growth of public concerns 
Institutional weaknesses 
The nature of bureaucratic institutions 
Countertrends in government growth 
Summary 
Notes 
2: Political culture and public administration 
Administrative culture
General societal culture 
Impersonal rules and organizations 
Political culture and administration 
Dimensions of political culture 
Culture and the internal management of organizations 
Culture and authority 
Culture and motivation 
Summary 
Notes 
3: The recruitment of public administrators 
Merit versus patronage 
Representative bureaucracy 
Caveats 
Public versus private employment 
Methods of recruitment 
Education and training 
Job placement 
Career distinctiveness 
Incentives and motivation 
Pay in the public sector 
Methods of recruitment 
Education 
Ethnic representativeness 
Sexual equality 
Summary 
Notes 
4: Problems of administrative structure 
Germany 
The United Kingdom 
France 
Sweden 
The United States 
The structure of administration 
Organization by area served 
Organization by process 
Organization by clientele 
Organization by purpose 
Summary 
Internal organization
Variations in internal organization 
Reorganization 
Summary
Notes 
5: Politics and public administration 
Bureaucracy and pressure groups 
Legitimate interactions 
Networks and communities 
Other patterns of legitimate interaction 
Clientela relationships 
Parantela relationships 
Illegitimate group processes 
Social movements and the bureaucracy 
Bureaucracy and political parties 
Summary 
Notes 
6: The politics of bureaucracy 
Bureaucratic government 
Policy intentions: the agency ideology 
The availability of “not unworkable” means 
Competition among agencies 
The incumbency of positions 
The possession of managerial skills 
A high priority given to implementation of policy 
Summary 
Strategies in bureaucratic politics 
The resources of bureaucracy 
The resources of political institutions 
Bureaucratic ploys 
Politicians’ ploys 
Summary 
Notes 
7: Paying for government: the budgetary process 
Basic questions 
Macro-allocation 
Micro-allocation 
Competing bureaucracies 
The importance of resources
Incrementalism in the budgetary process 
The nature of incrementalism 
Critiques of incrementalism 
Pressures toward incrementalism 
Politics and incrementalism 
Alternatives to incrementalism 
Program budgeting 
Zero-Base Budgeting 
Management by Objectives 
The Public Expenditure Survey 
Bulk budgeting 
Reactions to stress 
Cash limits 
Envelope budgeting 
Structural budget margin 
Efficiency 
Outside evaluations 
The return to rationality? 
General problems of budgeting 
Intergovernmental budget control 
Annual budgets 
Capital budgeting 
Coordination of taxation and expenditures 
Off-budget operations 
Summary 
Notes 
8: The politics of administrative accountability 
Basic concepts 
Accountability 
Ethics and Dimensions of responsibility 
Instruments of accountability 
Organizational methods 
The market and other external controls 
Group and public pressures 
Political methods of control 
Normative restraints 
The limits of control 
The professions 
Autonomous and semi-autonomous agencies
Contracts and third-party government 
Unions 
Political structure 
Culture 
Non-administration 
Summary 
Notes 
9: Administrative reform 
Ideas for reform 
The market 
Participation 
Deregulation 
Flexible government 
Summary 
Specific reforms 
Agencies and deconcentration 
Personnel management 
Consumerizing government 
Accountability 
The politics of administrative reform 
Why reform? 
Conclusion 
Notes 
10: Public administration in the twenty-first century 
Scarcity and public administration 
Increasing challenges to government and administration 
Complexity in administration 
Managing in the new millennium 
Summary 
Notes 
INDEX
Author Details
B. Guy Peters is Maurice Falk Professor of American Government and chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.






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