Saturday, December 1, 2018

Asphalt Materials and Mix Design Manual (Free PDF)
File Size: 7.84 mb

The purpose of this manual is to familiarize industry and students with the technology of asphalt in its several forms namely asphalt cement, cutback asphalt, and asphalt emulsions. The laboratory work is designed to develop an understanding of asphalt properties, characteristics, testing procedures, and specifications. The procedures outlined are all derived from ASTM designations and practice as recommended by the Asphalt Institute. Where the particular ASTM method permits alternate procedures, the one more applicable to the available equipment and the teaching situation was chosen. The manual consists of the following: ò 35 of the frequently used ASTM tests in Asphalt Binder and Mix Design. ò Sample computations and easy to use data sheets, most of which have been developed specifically for the manual. ò An up-to-date overview of Asphalt Technology including sources, historical development, and classifications of asphalt products. ò Easy to understand explanations for Voids Mineral Aggregate, Absorbed Asphalt, Effective Asphalt Content, Percent Air Voids, and Percent of Voids filled with Asphalt. ò A stand-alone asphalt manual, written specifically for university laboratory instruction, yet applicable for a commercial testing laboratory. Rarely will other reference materials need to be referred to. ò Dimensions in both the SI and the US Standard systems of measurement. ò An appendix with conversion factors, rules of safety and procedures, overview of SHRP SUPERPAVE, explanation of asphalt emulsions, and additional data sheets on single-sided pages.

Nature, Sources and Uses of Asphalt
Production and Classification of Asphalts
Tests for Aggregates and Mineral Fillers
1. Specific Gravity and Absorption Tests of Coarse and Fine Aggregates, ASTM C 127 & C 128 
2. Resistance of Small-Size Coarse Aggregate to Degradation in the Los Angeles Machine, ASTM C 131
3. Sieve Analysis of Coarse and Fine Aggregates, ASTM C 136 & C 117 
4. Clay Lumps and Friable Particles in Aggregates, ASTM C 142
5. Density of Hydraulic Cement, ASTM C 188 
6. Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate, ASTM D 2419 
7. Index of Aggregate Particle Shape and Texture, ASTM D 3398
8. Flat and Elongated Particles in Coarse Aggregate, ASTM D 4791
9. Standard Specifications for Wire Cloth and Sieves for Testing Purposes, ASTM E 11
Tests for Asphalt Materials1. Penetration Test, ASTM D 5
2. Softening Point, ASTM D 36
3. Specific Gravity Test, ASTM D 70 
4. Saybolt Furol Viscosity Test, ASTM D 88 
5. Flash Point Test, ASTM D 92
6. Flash Point by the Pensky-Martens Closed Tester, ASTM D 93 
7. Water in Petroleum Products by Distillation, ASTM D 95
8. Ductility Test, ASTM D 113
9. Testing of Emulsified Asphalts, ASTM D 244
10. Distillation of Cutback Asphalt Products, ASTM D 402
11. Bulk Specific Gravity of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Paraffin Coated Specimens, ASTM D 1188
12. Moisture or Volatile Distillates in Bituminous Paving Mixtures, ASTM D 1461 
13. Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity of Bituminous Paving Mixtures, ASTM D 2041 
14. Solubility Test, ASTM D 2042 
15. Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts, ASTM D 2170
16. Absolute Viscosity of Asphalts by Vacuum Viscometers, ASTM D 2171 
17. Quantitative Extraction of Bitumen from Bituminous Paving Mixtures, ASTM D 2172 
18. Viscosity-Temperature Chart for Asphalts, ASTM D 2493
19. Bulk Specific Gravity of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Saturated Surface-Dry Specimens, ASTM D 2726 
20. Rolling Thin Film Oven Test, ASTM D 2872
21. Flash Point of Cutback Asphalt With Tag Open-Cup Apparatus, ASTM D 3143
Mix Design Procedures
1. Marshall Method of Mix Design, ASTM D 1559
2. HVEEM Method of Mix Design, ASTM D 1560 & D 1561
3. Explanation of Effective Asphalt Content Determination
A: Measurement Conversion Factors between U.S. Standard Units and the S.I. System
B: General Safety Rules to Be Observed in All Asphalt Materials Laboratories
C: Reference Specifications for Asphalt Cement, Cutbacks, and Emulsions, Table Numbers 7-14
D: Overview of the SHRP Binder and Mix Design Analyses and Methods
E: Understanding Asphalt Emulsions
F: Bibliography
G: Additional Copies of the Laboratory Data Sheets 

Author Details 
"Irving Kettb" California State University, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

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