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Monday, December 24, 2018

DOE Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Rule




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Description
This technical support document (TSD) is a stand-alone report that provides the technical analyses and results in support of the information presented in the notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR) for commercial refrigeration equipment (CRE).

DOE’s analyses indicate that the proposed standards would save a significant amount of energy. The lifetime savings for commercial refrigeration equipment purchased in the 30-year period that begins in the year of the compliance with amended standards (2017–2046) amount to 1.001 quadrillion British thermal units (quads). This is equivalent to 83 percent of total U.S. commercial sector energy (source energy) used for refrigeration in 2010.
The cumulative national net present value (NPV) of total customer costs and savings of the proposed standards for commercial refrigeration equipment in 2012$ ranges from $1.606 billion (at a 7 percent discount rate) to $4.067 billion (at a 3 percent discount rate). This NPV expresses the estimated total value of future operating cost savings minus the estimated increased installed costs for equipment purchased in 2017–2046, discounted to 2013. The industry net present value (INPV) is the sum of the discounted cash flows to the industry from the base year (2013) through the end of the analysis period (2046). Using a real discount rate of 10 percent,b DOE estimates that the INPV for manufacturers of commercial refrigeration equipment is $1,162.0 million in 2012$. Under the proposed standards, DOE expects that manufacturers may lose up to 7.97 percent of their INPV, or approximately $92.6 million.
The proposed standards are expected to have significant environmental benefits. The energy savings would result in cumulative greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions of 54.88 million metric tons (MMt)c of carbon dioxide (CO2), 265.9 thousand tons of methane, 1.1 thousand tons of nitrous oxide, 70.1 thousand tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), 81.1 thousand tons of NOx, and 0.1 tons of mercury (Hg).d DOE estimates that the net present monetary value of the CO2 emissions reduction would be between $0.31 and $4.55 billion. DOE also estimates the present monetary value of the NOx emissions reduction would be between $8.8 and $90.7 million at a 7 percent discount rate and between $19.1 and $196.2 million at a 3 percent discount rate.
Content:-
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 2. ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK
CHAPTER 3. MARKET AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT
CHAPTER 4. SCREENING ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 5. ENGINEERING ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 6. MARKUPS FOR EQUIPMENT PRICE DETERMINATION
CHAPTER 7. ENERGY USE ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 8. LIFE-CYCLE COST AND PAYBACK PERIOD ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 9. SHIPMENTS ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 10. NATIONAL IMPACT ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 11. CUSTOMER SUBGROUP ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 12. MANUFACTURER IMPACT ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 13. EMISSIONS ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 14. MONETIZATION OF EMISSION REDUCTIONS BENEFITS
CHAPTER 15. UTILITY IMPACT ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 16. EMPLOYMENT IMPACT ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 17. REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS  
 



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