Wednesday, December 12, 2018

Engineering Materials- 2 An Introduction to Microstructures, Processing and Design (Second Edition)

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Materials are evolving today faster than at any time in history. Industrial nations regard the development of new and improved materials as an “underpinning technology” – one which can stimulate innovation in all branches of engineering, making possible new designs for structures, appliances, engines, electrical and electronic devices, processing and energy conservation equipment, and much more. Many of these nations have promoted government-backed initiatives to promote the development and exploitation of new materials: their lists generally include “high-performance” composites, new engineering ceramics, high-strength polymers, glassy metals, and new high-temperature alloys for gas turbines. These initiatives are now being felt throughout engineering, and have already stimulated design of a new and innovative range of consumer products.
This book aims to provide this understanding. It complements our other book on the properties and applications of engineering materials,* but it is not necessary to have read that to understand this. In it, we group materials into four classes: Metals, Ceramics, Polymers and Composites, and we examine each in turn. In any one class there are common underlying structural features (the long-chain molecules in polymers, the intrinsic brittleness of ceramics, or the mixed materials of composites) which, ultimately, determine the strengths and weaknesses (the “design-limiting” properties)of each in the engineering context.
This book has been written as a second-level course for engineering students. It provides a concise introduction to the microstructures and processing of materials (metals, ceramics, polymers and composites) and shows how these are related to the properties required in engineering design. It is designed to follow on from our first-level text on the properties and applications of engineering materials,* but it is completely selfcontained and can be used by itself. 

General introduction
A. Metals
1. Metals

2. Metal structures
3. Equilibrium constitution and phase diagrams
4. Case studies in phase diagrams
5. The driving force for structural change
6. Kinetics of structural change: I – diffusive transformations
7. Kinetics of structural change: II – nucleation
8. Kinetics of structural change: III – displacive transformations
9. Case studies in phase transformations
10. The light alloys
11. Steels: I – carbon steels
12. Steels: II – alloy steels
13. Case studies in steels
14. Production, forming and joining of metals
B. Ceramics and glasses
15. Ceramics and glasses

16. Structure of ceramics
17. The mechanical properties of ceramics
18. The statistics of brittle fracture and case study
19. Production, forming and joining of ceramics
20. Special topic: cements and concretes
C. Polymers and composites
21. Polymers

22. The structure of polymers
23. Mechanical behaviour of polymers
24. Production, forming and joining of polymers
25. Composites: fibrous, particulate and foamed
26. Special topic: wood
D. Designing with metals, ceramics, polymers and composites
27. Design with materials

28. Case studies in design
Appendix 1 Teaching yourself phase diagrams 320
Appendix 2 Symbols and formulae 370

Author Details
"David R. H. Jones" is co-author of Engineering Materials 1 and 2 and lead author for the 3rd and 4th editions. He was the founder editor of Elsevier's journal Engineering Failure Analysis, and founder chair of Elsevier's International Conference on Engineering Failure Analysis series. His research interests are in materials engineering, and along with serving as President of Christ's College at the University of Cambridge he now works internationally advising major companies and legal firms on failures of large steel structures.

 "Michael F. Ashby" is sole or lead author of several of Elsevier’s top selling engineering textbooks, including Materials and Design: The Art and Science of Material Selection in Product Design, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Materials and the Environment, and Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design. He is also coauthor of the books Engineering Materials 1&2, and Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design. 

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