Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Encyclopedia of Biology (Free PDF)

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Despite the often extreme specialization and intimate knowledge required to make a contribution to science, most scientific disciplines are quick to adapt new technologies and advances developed from other fields. Inevitably, a new vocabulary follows these advances, the purpose of which is to convey meaning with a word that once required a descriptive paragraph or even a page.

The Encyclopedia of Biology pulls together the specialized terminology that has found its way into the language of the biologist. It addresses the often duplicitous meanings in an easily understood, succinct fashion. As each discipline has become more of a specialty, each has developed terms that serve as a shorthand for concepts within that discipline. On rare occasion, different disciplines develop the same term with radically different definitions. By indicating a discipline, the encyclopedia directs the reader to a definition relevant to the topic at hand. An example of this is the word genotype. Historically, this was a taxonomist’s term meaning “the type of the genus.” The genotype is important for classification and evolutionary studies. Subsequently, geneticists used genotype to refer to the genetic makeup of an organism. One needs to understand not only the meaning of words, but must also be able to put them in the context of the period in which they were written.

1. Acknowledgments
2. Preface
3. Introduction
4. Entries A–Z
5. Feature Essays: “Blood Identification through the Ages”
6. “Human Cytogenetics: Historical Overview and Latest Developments”
7. “The Karner Blue—New York’s Endangered Butterfly”
8. “Insects and Man—An Exotic Dilemma”
9. “Science and the Spiritual Factor”
10. “Silk Degrees: A Tale of Moths and People, Part One”
11. “Sassafras and Its Lepidopteran Cohorts, or Bigger and Better Caterpillars through Chemistry”
12. “Silk Degrees: A Tale of Moths and People, Part Two”
13. “Egyptian Mummies: Brief Hist ory and Radiological Studies”
Appendix I: Bibliography
Appendix II: Biology-Related Websites
Appendix III: Biology Software and Animations Sources
Appendix IV: Nobel Laureates Relating to Biology
Appendix V: Periodic Table of the Elements
Appendix VI: Biochemical Cycles
Appendix VII: The “Tree of Life”

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"Don Rittner"

"Timothy L. McCabe, Ph.D."

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