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Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Fire Engineering and Emergency Planning

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Throughout Europe there is a considerable number of fires reported each year, resulting in the loss of many lives. The amount of damage to environment and to property is colossal, with re-instatement work on non-domestic property often costing hundreds of millions of ecu. Add to this the cost of business interruption and increased insurance premiums and the imperative of lessening the risk of fire, and for good emergency planning, through education and research becomes obvious.

This book represents the proceedings of EuroFire’95, the first European Symposium on Research and Applications in Fire Engineering and Emergency Planning, held at the Centre Européen de la Chambre des Artisans et des Métiers (CECAM), Nîmes, France, from the 25th to the 27th of March, 1995. The Symposium was organised by the Department of Built Environment (Centre for Research in Fire and Explosion Studies) of the University of Central Lancashire, England, with the assistance of the European Commission (Human Capital and Mobility Programme) and the Institution of Fire
Engineers. The intended purpose is to make a start on “bridging the gap” between the various sectors of the European fire community, to promulgate state of the art applications and to flag up new areas and trends in research and practice.

Chairs of sessions
List of contributors
EuroFire ’95 Introductory Remarks
1. Introduction
2. Research in fire engineering: combustion and explosion science and industrial problems
3. Critical conditions for flashover in enclosed ventilated fires
4. The theoretical model of carbonized organic solid fuels combustion
5. Self-generated turbulence of laminar and turbulent transient flame fronts inside a closed spherical vessel
6. Algorithms for the calculation of egress complexity
7. Modelization of combustion with complex kinetics
8. Results comparison of smoke movement analysis in buildings using steady-state and transient models
9. Fire protection in modern computer networks centres
10. Domestic ‘first aid’ firefighting
11. Dynamical modelling of fires in buildings
12. An hierarchical approach to fire resistance improvement of complex technical systems
13. A software package for deterministic and stochastic modelling of fires in buildings with a CAD-based graphical user interface
14. The probability of progressive fire propagation in complex systems
15. Emergency planning
16. EXPO ’92: A review of its emergency planning integrated design
17. Towards the quantification of emergency egress capabilities for disabled people
18. Assessment and simulation of crowd evacuation issues
19. Integrated emergency planning
20. Fire Cover Computer Model
21. ‘LINCE’: Computerised emergency management
22. Analysing evacuation modelling techniques of mixed-ability populations
23. Introduction
24. Foam and water for the protection of equipment engulfed in fire
25. Deployment of fire prevention equipment: theory and experience—future computerisation and the example of the Bouches-du-Rhône
26. A critical insight in to the behaviour of windows in fire
27. Testing of axially loaded and restrained steel columns
28. Toxic combustion products from pesticide fires
29. European standards for fire safety: a summary of the current position
30. A commentary on the fire research/building design applications interface
31. Fire legislation: a UK view of European fire safety regulation
32. Operability analysis as a tool for fire risk evaluation
33. Developing a geographical information systems-based decision support system for emergency planning in response to hazardous gas releases
34. Applying artificial intelligence to the scientific analysis of timber in fire
35. Application of expert systems and machine learning in fire investigation
36. Making fire modelling software more accessible to end users
37. Introduction
38. Educating fire fighters for fire safe design
39. Addressing the need for European integrated postgraduate education for fire safety
40. The development of fire engineering degree courses
41. The implications of UK National Vocational Qualifications for training and education in fire technology
42. Implementing a distance learning course in fire safety for technicians
43. Training for command at fires—the ICCARUS Project
44. Training and research in fire safety in Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE)
45. Hazard management systems: information management at major hazard incidents
46. An emergency planning team as a source of public information
47. A critical review of human behaviour in shopping malls
48. Assessing occupant response time: a key issue for fire engineering
49. Reality and the perception of risk—risk assessment for the fire service
50. Public perceptions and risk assessment: lessons from industrial hazards in developing countries
51. Analytical approaches to emergency planning and assessment of emergency response
52. Airborne hazards: move or stay put?
Report of the Plenary Session
Appendix One: A framework for research in the field of fire safety in buildings by design
Appendix Two: The role of public perception in the response planning for major incidents: public perception and memory retention questionnaire survey

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