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Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Oxidation and Antioxidants in Organic Chemistry and Biology

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Oxidation of organic compounds by dioxygen is a phenomenon of exceptional importance in nature, technology, and life. The liquid-phase oxidation of hydrocarbons forms the basis of several efficient technological synthetic processes such as the production of phenol via cumene oxidation, cyclohexanone from cyclohexane, styrene oxide from ethylbenzene, etc. The intensive development of oxidative petrochemical processes was observed in 1950–1970. Free radicals participate in the oxidation of organic compounds. Oxidation occurs very often as a chain reaction. Hydroperoxides are formed as intermediates and accelerate oxidation. The chemistry of the liquid-phase oxidation of organic compounds is closely interwoven with free radical chemistry, chemistry of peroxides, kinetics of chain reactions, and polymer chemistry.

List of Chemical Symbols and Abbreviations
List of Physicochemical Symbols
List of Biochemical Abbreviations
Part I: Chemistry and Kinetics of Organic Compounds Oxidation by Dioxygen
Chapter 1: Molecular Products and Thermochemistry of Hydrocarbon Oxidation
Chapter 2: Chain Mechanism of Liquid-Phase Oxidation of Hydrocarbons.
Chapter 3: Initiation of Liquid-Phase Oxidation.
Chapter 4: Oxidation as an Autoinitiated Chain Reaction
Chapter 5: Co-Oxidation of Hydrocarbons
Chapter 6: Reactivity of the Hydrocarbons in Reactions with Peroxyl, Alkoxyl, and Alkyl Radicals
Chapter 7: Oxidation of Alcohols and Ethers
Chapter 8: Oxidation of Carbonyl Compounds and Decarboxylation of Acids
Chapter 9: Oxidation of Amines, Amides, and Esters
Chapter 10: Catalysis in Liquid-Phase Hydrocarbon Oxidation
Chapter 11: Oxidation of Hydrocarbons in Microheterogeneous Systems
Chapter 12: Sulfoxidation of Hydrocarbons
Chapter 13: Oxidation of Polymers
Part II: Chemistry of Antioxidants
Chapter 14: Theory of Inhibition of Chain Oxidation of Organic Compounds
Chapter 15: Antioxidants Reacting with Peroxyl Radicals
Chapter 16: Cyclic Chain Termination in Oxidation of Organic Compounds
Chapter 17: Hydroperoxide Decomposing Antioxidants
Chapter 18: Synergism of Antioxidant Action
Chapter 19: Peculiarities of Antioxidant Action in Polymers
Chapter 20: Heterogeneous Inhibition of Oxidation
Part III: Biological Oxidation and Antioxidants
Chapter 21: Initiators of Free Radical-Mediated Processes
Chapter 22: Generation of Free Radicals by Prooxidant Enzymes
Chapter 23: Production of Free Radicals by Mitochondria
Chapter 24: Production of Free Radicals by Microsomes
Chapter 25: Nonenzymatic Lipid Peroxidation
Chapter 26: Enzymatic Lipid Peroxidation
Chapter 27: Oxidation of Proteins
Chapter 28: DNA Oxidative Damage
Chapter 29: Antioxidants
Chapter 30: Antioxidant Enzymes
Chapter 31: Free Radicals and Oxidative Stress in Pathophysiological Processes
Chapter 32: Comments on Contemporary Methods of Oxygen and Nitrogen Free Radical Detection

Author Details
"Evgeny T. Denisov"

"Igor B. Afanas’ev"

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