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Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes


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Description
Agroforestry is increasingly recognized as a useful and promising approach to natural resource management that combines goals of sustainable agricultural development for resource-poor tropical farmers with greater environmental benefits than less diversified agricultural systems, pastures, or monoculture plantations. Among these expected benefits is the conservation of a greater part of the native biodiversity in human-dominated landscapes that retain substantial and diversified tree cover. Although the protection of natural habitat remains the backbone of biodiversity conservation strategies, promoting agroforestry on agricultural and other deforested land could play an important supporting role, especially in mosaic landscapes where natural habitat has been highly fragmented and forms extensive boundaries with agricultural areas.

A substantial amount of information on the effects of different agroforestry practices on biodiversity conservation has accumulated in recent years. However, land managers, researchers, and proponents of tropical land use and natural resource management lack a readily usable and comprehensive source of information to guide their efforts toward the creation of more biodiversity-friendly tropical landscapes. This book attempts to fill this gap by exploring the roles of agroforestry practices in conserving biodiversity in human-dominated tropical landscapes and synthesizing the current state of knowledge. It has been edited by a team of conservation biologists and tropical land use specialists and includes contributions from a variety of disciplines (e.g., resource economics, rural sociology, agroforestry, wildlife biology, and conservation genetics), reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of its subject. Contributions are based on many decades of field experience in the tropics of Central and South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia of 46 authors from 13 countries.

Content:-
Preface
Introduction: The Role of Agroforestry in Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes
Part I: Conservation Biology and Landscape Ecology in the Tropics: A Framework for Agroforestry Applications
Chapter 1: Biodiversity Conservation in Deforested and Fragmented Tropical Landscapes: An Overview
Chapter 2: Ecological Effects of Habitat Fragmentation in the Tropics
Chapter 3: Landscape Connectivity and Biological Corridors
Part II: The Ecological Economics of Agroforestry: Environmental Benefits and Effects on Deforestation
Chapter 4: The Economic Valuation of Agroforestry’s Environmental Services
Chapter 5: Is Agroforestry Likely to Reduce Deforestation?
Chapter 6: Chocolate Forests and Monocultures: A Historical Review of Cocoa Growing and Its Conflicting Role in Tropical Deforestation and Forest Conservation
Chapter 7: Achieving Biodiversity Conservation Using Conservation Concessions to Complement Agroforestry
Part III: The Biodiversity of Agroforestry Systems: Habitat, Biological Corridor, and Buffer for Protected Areas
Chapter 8: The Biodiversity and Conservation Potential of Shifting Cultivation Landscapes
Chapter 9: Biodiversity Conservation in Neotropical Coffee (Coffea arabica ) Plantations
Chapter 10: Complex Agroforests: Their Structure, Diversity, and Potential Role in Landscape Conservation
Chapter 11: Live Fences, Isolated Trees, and Windbreaks: Tools for Conserving Biodiversity in Fragmented Tropical Landscapes
Chapter 12: Agroforestry Systems: Important Components in Conserving the Genetic Viability of Native Tropical Tree Species?
Part IV: Biodiversity as Burden and Natural Capital: Interactions between Agroforestry Areas, Natural Ecosystems, and Rural Communities in Tropical Land Use Mosaics
Chapter 13: Wildlife Conservation in Agroforestry Buffer Zones: Opportunities and Conflict
Chapter 14: Hunting in Agroforestry Systems and Landscapes: Conservation Implications in West-Central Africa and Southeast Asia
Chapter 15: Invasive Agroforestry Trees: Problems and Solutions
Chapter 16: Diseases in Tropical Agroforestry Landscapes: The Role of Biodiversity
Part V: Matrix Management in Practice: Agroforestry Tools in Landscape Conservation
Chapter 17: Agroforestry Buffer Zones and Stepping Stones: Tools for the Conservation of Fragmented Landscapes in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Chapter 18: Agroforestry and Biodiversity: Improving Conservation Outcomes in Tropical Northeastern Australia
Chapter 19: Silvopastoral Systems: Ecological and Socioeconomic Benefits and Migratory Bird Conservation
Chapter 20: Agroforestry and Climate Change–Integrated Conservation Strategies
Conclusion: Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes
About the Contributors
Index

Author Details
"Götz Schroth"

"Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca"

"Celia A. Harvey"

"Claude Gascon"

"Heraldo L. Vasconcelos"

"Anne-Marie N. Izac"




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