Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Climate Change and Migration: Evidence from the Middle East and North Africa

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Climate change and migration are major concerns in the MENA region, yet the empirical evidence on the impact of climate change and extreme weather events on migration remains limited. Information is broadly lacking on how households in vulnerable areas perceive changes in the climate, how they are affected by extreme weather events, whether they benefit from community and government programs to help them cope with and adapt to a changing climate, and how these conditions influence the decision of household members to migrate, either temporarily or permanently. This introductory chapter summarizes briefly the main results of the study which relied on existing data as well as focus groups and new household surveys collected in 2011 in Algeria, the Arab Republic of Egypt, Morocco, the Syrian Arab Republic, and the Republic of Yemen. The results suggest that households do perceive important changes in the climate, and that many households are being affected by extreme weather events resulting in losses in income, crops, and livestock. The coping and adaptation strategies used by households to deal with weather shocks are diverse, but also limited, with most households not able to recover from the negative impact of weather shocks. The ability of community-level responses and government programs to support households is also very limited. Finally, while climate change is not today the main driver of migration flows, it does appear to contribute to these flows, and worsening climatic conditions are likely to exacerbate future migration flows.

PART 1: Synthesis
Chapter 1: Climate Change, Migration, and Adaptation
PART 2: Focus Countries and Data
Chapter 2: Focus Countries
Chapter 3: Data Collection
PART 3: Impacts, Coping Strategies, and Adaptation Mechanisms
Chapter 4: Perceptions of Climate Change, Weather Shocks, and Impacts on Households
Chapter 5: Weather Shocks, Impacts, and Households’ Ability to Recover in Morocco
Chapter 6: How Do Households Cope with and Adapt to Climate Change?
PART 4: Climate Change and Migration
Chapter 7: Do Changes in Weather Patterns and the Environment Lead to Migration?
Chapter 8: Climate-Induced Migration in the MENA Region: Results from the Qualitative Fieldwork
Chapter 9: Is Climate Change Likely to Lead to Higher Net Internal Migration? The Republic of Yemen’s Case
Chapter 10: Extreme Weather Events and Migration: The Case of Morocco
PART 5: Remittances
Chapter 11: Do Remittances Reach Households Living in Unfavorable Climate Areas? Evidence from the Republic of Yemen
Chapter 12: Does the Impact of Remittances on Poverty and Human Development Depend on the Climate of Receiving Areas?

Author Details
"Quentin Wodon"

"Andrea Liverani"

"George Joseph"

"Nathalie Bougnoux"

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