Fluid mechanics and Pipe Flow: Turbulence, Simulation and Dynamics (Free PDF)

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Fluid mechanics is the study of how fluids move and the forces that develop as a result. Fluids include liquids and gases and fluid flow can be either laminar or turbulent. This book presents a level set based methodology that will avoid problems in potential flow models with moving boundaries. A review of the state-of-the-art population balance modelling techniques that have been adopted to describe the nature of dispersed phase in multiphase problems is presented as well. Recent works that are aimed at putting forward the main ideas behind a new theoretical approach to turbulent wall-bounded flows are examined, including a state-of the-art review on single-phase incompressible fluid flow.

Recent breakthrough in nanofabrication has stimulated the interest of solute separation in nanofluidic channels. Since the hydraulic radius of nanochannels is comparable to the thickness of electric double layers, the enormous electric fields inherent to the latter generate transverse electromigrations causing charge-dependent solute distributions over the channel cross-section. As a consequence, the non-uniform fluid flow through nanochannels yields charge-dependent solute speeds enabling the separation of solutes by charge alone. In Chapter 1 we develop a theoretical model of solute transport, dispersion and separation in electroosmotic and pressure-driven flows through nanofluidic channels. This model provides a basis for the optimization of solute separation in nanochannels in terms of selectivity and resolution as traditionally defined.

Chapter 1: Solute Transport, Dispersion, and Separation in Nanofluidic Channels
Chapter 2: H2O in the Mantle: From Fluid to High-Pressure Hydrous Silicates
Chapter 3: On the Numerical Simulation of Turbulence Modulation in Two- Phase Flows
Chapter 4: A Review of Population Balance Modelling for Multiphase Flows: Approaches, Applications and Future Aspects
Chapter 5: Numerical Analysis of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow for Three- Dimensional Horizontal Annuli with Open Ends
Chapter 6: Convective Heat Transfer in the Thermal Entrance Region of Parallel Flow Double-Pipe Heat Exchangers for Non-Newtonian Fluids
Chapter 7: Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Pipe Flow
Chapter 8: Pipe Flow Analysis of Uranium Nuclear Heating with Conjugate Heat Transfer
Chapter 9: First and Second Law Thermodynamics Analysis of Pipe Flow
Chapter 10: Single-Phase Incompressible Fluid Flow in Mini- and Micro-channels
Chapter 11: Experimental Study of Pulsating Turbulent Flow through a Divergent Tube
Chapter 12: Solution of an Airfoil Design Inverse Problem for a Viscous Flow Using a Contractive Operator
Chapter 13: Some Free Boundary Problems in Potential Flow Regime Using the Level Set Method
Chapter 14: A New Approach for Polydispersed Turbulent Two-Phase Flows: The Case of Deposition in Pipe-Flows

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