Saturday, July 13, 2019

Lubricant Additives Chemistry and Applications (2nd Edition)

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Lubricant additives continue to be developed to provide improved properties and performance to modern lubricants.

Environmental issues and applications that require lubricants to operate under severe conditions will cause an increase in the use of synthetics. Owing to performance and maintenance reasons, many applications that have historically relied on petroleum-derived lubricants are shifting to synthetic lubricant-based products. Cost issues, on the contrary, tend to shift the market toward group II and III base oils where hydrocarbons can be used. Shifts to renewable and biodegradable fluids are also needed, and this will require a greater need for new effective additives to meet the challenges of formulating for various applications.

There are several indications that the lubricant additive industry will grow and change.

Legislation is driving changes to fuel composition and lubricant components, and therefore, future lubricant developments will be constrained compared to what has been done in the past. Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACh) in the European Union (EU) is placing constraints on the incentive to develop new molecules that will serve as additives. The cost of introduction of new proprietary materials will be the burden of the company that develops the new material. For many common additives that are produced by several manufacturers, they will share costs to generate any needed data on the toxicology or biodegradability of the materials.

PART 1: Deposit Control Additives
Chapter 1: Antioxidants
Chapter 2: Zinc Dithiophosphates
Chapter 3: Ashless Phosphorus–Containing Lubricating Oil Additives
Chapter 4: Detergents
Chapter 5: Dispersants
PART 2: Film-Forming Additives
Chapter 6: Selection and Application of Solid Lubricants as Friction Modifiers
Chapter 7: Organic Friction Modifiers
PART 3: Antiwear Additives and Extreme-Pressure Additives
Chapter 8: Ashless Antiwear and Extreme-Pressure Additives
Chapter 9: Sulfur Carriers
PART 4: Viscosity Control Additives
Chapter 10: Olefin Copolymer Viscosity Modifiers
Chapter 11: Polymethacrylate Viscosity Modifi ers and Pour Point Depressants
Chapter 12: Pour Point Depressants
PART 5: Miscellaneous Additives
Chapter 13: Tackifi ers and Antimisting Additives
Chapter 14: Seal Swell Additives
Chapter 15: Antimicrobial Additives for Metalworking Lubricants
Chapter 16: Surfactants in Lubrication
Chapter 17: Corrosion Inhibitors and Rust Preventatives
Chapter 18: Additives for Bioderived and Biodegradable Lubricants
PART 6: Applications
Chapter 19: Additives for Crankcase Lubricant Applications
Chapter 20: Additives for Industrial Lubricant Applications
Chapter 21: Formulation Components for Incidental Food-Contact Lubricants
Chapter 22: Lubricants for the Disk Drive Industry
Chapter 23: Additives for Grease Applications
PART 7: Trends
Chapter 24: Long-Term Trends in Industrial Lubricant Additives
Chapter 25: Long-Term Additive Trends in Aerospace Applications
Chapter 26: Eco Requirements for Lubricant Additives
PART 8: Methods and Resources
Chapter 27: Testing Methods for Additive/Lubricant
Chapter 28: Lubricant Industry–Related Terms and Acronyms
Chapter 29: Internet Resources for Additive/Lubricant Industry

Author Details
"Leslie R. Rudnick"
Designed Materials Group
Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.

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