Monday, July 1, 2019

Pipeline Engineering (Free PDF)

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An extensive network of underground pipelines exists in every city, state, and nation to transport water, sewage, crude oil, petroleum products (such as gasoline, diesel, or jet fuel), natural gas, and many other liquids and gases. In-plant pipelines are also used extensively in most industrial or municipal plants for processing water, sewage, chemicals, food products, etc. Increasingly, pipelines are being used for transporting solids including minerals (such as coal, iron ore, phosphate, etc.); construction materials (sand, crushed rock, cement, and even wet concrete); refuse; municipal and industrial wastes; radioactive materials; grain; hospital supplies; and hundreds of other products. Pipelines are an indispensable and the preferred mode of freight transport in many situations.

Pipelines perform vital functions. They serve as arteries, bringing life-dependent supplies such as water, petroleum products, and natural gas to consumers through a dense underground network of transmission and distribution lines. They also serve as veins, transporting life-threatening waste (sewage) generated by households and industries to waste treatment plants for processing via a dense network of sewers. Because most pipelines are buried underground or underwater, they are out of sight and out of mind of the general public. The public pays little attention to pipelines unless and until a water main leaks, a sewer is clogged, or a natural gas pipeline causes an accident. However, as our highways and streets become increasingly congested with automobiles, and as the technology of freight pipelines (i.e., the pipelines that transport freight or solids) continues to improve, the public is beginning to realize the need to reduce the use of trucks and to shift more freight transport to underground pipelines. Underground freight transportation by pipelines not only reduces traffic on highways and streets, but also reduces noise and air pollution, accidents, and damage to highways and streets caused by trucks and other vehicles. It also minimizes the use of surface land. Surely, we can expect an increase in the use of pipelines in the 21st century.

PART I: Pipe Flows
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Single-Phase Incompressible Flow of Newtonian Fluid
Chapter 3: Single-Phase Compressible Flow in Pipe
Chapter 4: Non-Newtonian Fluids
Chapter 5: Flow of Solid-Liquid Mixture in Pipe (Slurry Pipelines)
Chapter 6: Flow of Solid-Gas Mixture in Pipe (Pneumotransport)
Chapter 7: Capsule Pipelines
PART II: Engineering Considerations
Chapter 8: Pipes, Fittings, Valves, and Pressure Regulators
Chapter 9: Pumps and Turbines
Chapter 10: Instrumentation and Pigging
Chapter 11: Protection of Pipelines against Abrasion, Freezing, and Corrosion
Chapter 12: Planning and Construction of Pipelines
Chapter 13: Structural Design of Pipelines
Chapter 14: Pipeline Operations, Monitoring, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation
Appendix A. Notation
Appendix B. Conversion between SI and English (ft-lb-s) Units
Appendix C. Physical Properties of Certain Fluids and Solids

Author Details
"Henry Liu", Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering, University of Missouri-Columbia (UMC). Dr. Liu has his B.S. from National Taiwan University, and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Colorado State University, Fort Collins. His main background and expertise are in fluid mechanics.

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