Wednesday, November 28, 2018


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The 2018 ASHRAE Handbook—Refrigeration covers the refrigeration equipment and systems for applications other than human comfort. This volume includes data and guidance on cooling, freezing, and storing food; industrial and medical applications of refrigeration; and low-temperature refrigeration.

ASHRAE Technical Committees, Task Groups, and Technical Resource Groups
ASHRAE Research: Improving the Quality of Life
Chapter 1. Halocarbon Refrigeration Systems (TC 10.3, Refrigerant Piping, Controls and Accessories)
Chapter 2. Ammonia Refrigeration Systems (TC 10.3)
Chapter 3. Carbon Dioxide Refrigeration Systems (TC 10.3)
Chapter 4. Liquid Overfeed Systems (TC 10.1, Custom Engineered Refrigeration Systems)
Chapter 5. Component Balancing in Refrigeration Systems (TC 10.1)
Chapter 6. Refrigerant System Chemistry (TC 3.2, Refrigerant System Chemistry)
Chapter 7. Control of Moisture and Other Contaminants in Refrigerant Systems (TC 3.3, Refrigerant
Contaminant Control)
Chapter 8. Equipment and System Dehydrating, Charging, and Testing (TC 8.1, Positive Displacement
Chapter 9. Refrigerant Containment, Recovery, Recycling, and Reclamation (TC 3.8, Refrigerant
Chapter 10. Insulation Systems for Refrigerant Piping (TC 10.3)
Chapter 11. Refrigerant Control Devices (TC 8.8, Refrigerant System Controls and Accessories)
Chapter 12. Lubricants in Refrigerant Systems (TC 3.4, Lubrication)
Chapter 13. Secondary Coolants in Refrigeration Systems (TC 10.1)
Chapter 14. Forced-Circulation Air Coolers (TC 8.4, Air-to-Refrigerant Heat Transfer Equipment)
Chapter 15. Retail Food Store Refrigeration and Equipment (TC 10.7, Commercial Food and Beverage
Refrigeration Equipment)
Chapter 16. Food Service and General Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (TC 10.7)
Chapter 17. Household Refrigerators and Freezers (TC 8.9, Residential Refrigerators and Food Freezers)
Chapter 18. Absorption Equipment (TC 8.3, Absorption and Heat Operated Machines)
Chapter 19. Thermal Properties of Foods (TC 10.5, Refrigerated Processing and Storage)
Chapter 20. Cooling and Freezing Times of Foods (TC 10.5)
Chapter 21. Commodity Storage Requirements (TC 10.5)
Chapter 22. Food Microbiology and Refrigeration (TC 10.5)
Chapter 23. Refrigerated-Facility Design (TC 10.5)
Chapter 24. Refrigerated-Facility Loads (TC 10.8, Refrigeration Load Calculations)
Chapter 25. Cargo Containers, Rail Cars, Trailers, and Trucks (TC 10.6, Transport Refrigeration)
Chapter 26. Marine Refrigeration (TC 10.6)
Chapter 27. Air Transport (TC 10.6)
Chapter 28. Methods of Precooling Fruits, Vegetables, and Cut Flowers (TC 10.5)
Chapter 29. Industrial Food-Freezing Systems (TC 10.5)
Chapter 30. Meat Products (TC 10.5)
Chapter 31. Poultry Products (TC 10.5)
Chapter 32. Fishery Products (TC 10.5)
Chapter 33. Dairy Products (TC 10.5)
Chapter 34. Eggs and Egg Products (TC 10.5)
Chapter 35. Deciduous Tree and Vine Fruit (TC 10.5)
Chapter 36. Citrus Fruit, Bananas, and Subtropical Fruit (TC 10.5)
Chapter 37. Vegetables (TC 10.5)
Chapter 38. Fruit Juice Concentrates and Chilled Juice Products (TC 10.5)
Chapter 39. Beverages (TC 10.5)
Chapter 40. Processed, Precooked, and Prepared Foods (TC 10.5)
Chapter 41. Bakery Products (TC 10.5)
Chapter 42. Chocolates, Candies, Nuts, Dried Fruits, and Dried Vegetables (TC 10.5)
Chapter 43. Ice Manufacture (TC 10.2, Automatic Icemaking Plants and Skating Rinks)
Chapter 44. Ice Rinks (TC 10.2)
Chapter 45. Concrete Dams and Subsurface Soils (TC 10.1)
Chapter 46. Refrigeration in the Chemical Industry (TC 10.1)
Chapter 47. Cryogenics (TC 10.1)
Chapter 48. Ultralow-Temperature Refrigeration (TC 10.1)
Chapter 49. Biomedical Applications of Cryogenic Refrigeration (TC 10.1)
Chapter 50. Terminology of Refrigeration (TC 10.1)
Chapter 51. Codes and Standards

Some of this volume’s revisions are as follows:
  • Chapter 1, Halocarbon Refrigeration Systems, has added history, background, and application information, and copper piping tables were modified to remove sizes that are not be feasible for field-sweated installations.
  • Chapter 6, Refrigerant System Chemistry, has been updated for new research and new refrigerants, as well as added content on lubricants.
  • Chapter 7, Control of Moisture and Other Contaminants in Refrigerant Systems, has added content on how to determine water capacity needed, and on desiccant heating during adsorption.
  • Chapter 8, Equipment and System Dehydrating, Charging, and Testing, added a description of leak testing with a handheld mass spectrometer.
  • Chapter 9, Refrigerant Containment, Recovery, Recycling, and Reclamation, has been updated with information on equipment for handling multiple refrigerants.
  • Chapter 10, Insulation Systems for Refrigerant Piping, has new content on the use of low-permeance vapor retarder materials in various combinations.
  • Chapter 11, Refrigerant Control Devices, has revised content on four-way reversing valve operation.
  • Chapter 15, Retail Food Store Refrigeration and Equipment, contains extensive updates covering industry statistics, current operational practice, standards, optimum temperature difference (TD) for humidity control, refrigerant regulations, and new types of equipment.
  • Chapter 16, Food Service and General Commercial Refrigeration Equipment, has been updated for currently available equipment features.
  • Chapter 17, Household Refrigerators and Freezers, has been updated for current test standards and equipment types, with added content on refrigerants and foam-blowing agents.
  • Chapter 18, Absorption Systems, has been updated throughout and includes many new figures to show system configurations.
  • Chapter 24, Refrigerated-Facility Loads, has new guidance on vapor retarder design approaches.
  • Chapter 25, Cargo Containers, Rail Cars, Trailers, and Trucks, has updated references and guidance reflecting current technologies, including data transmission.
  • Chapter 27, Air Transport, has a major new section on hybrid environmental control systems.
  • Chapter 44, Ice Rinks, updated for current practice, also has new information on heat recovery design.
  • Chapter 46, Refrigeration in the Chemical Industry, contains new guidance on insulation design and standards.
  • Chapter 47, Cryogenics, has an update on insulation used for cryogenic systems.
  • Chapter 48, Ultralow-Temperature Refrigeration, has an update on insulation used for ultralow-temperature systems.
  • Chapter 50, Terminology of Refrigeration, has been updated for changes in definitions from IIAR, OSHA, and EPA sources.
  • Chapter 51, Codes and Standards, lists current versions of selected publications from ASHRAE and others. Publications are listed by topic, and full contact information for publishing organizations is included.

This volume is published, as a bound print volume and in electronic format as a PDF download and online, in two editions: one using inch-pound (I-P) units of measurement, the other using the International System of Units (SI).

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