Sunday, November 4, 2018

The Basics Politics

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This highly successful introduction to the world of politics has been fully revised and updated in collaboration with a new co-author, Nigel Jackson of the University of Plymouth. The new edition builds on the reputation for clarity and comprehensive coverage of the previous editions. It explores the varieties of political systems, the main political movements and key issues at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
New to the fourth edition:
• Comparison of quantitative and qualitative methods
• More international examples
• Greater discussion of non-Western concepts of politics
• The problem of voter apathy and lack of trust in politicians
• More discussion of the ‘war on terrorism’
• Extended analysis of the role of the Internet in politics including blogs,
search engine censorship and e-democracy
• Analysis of further key concepts such as genocide and policy networks
• More links to web pages including case studies, further questions to
explore and additional learning activities. 
Accessible in style and topical in content, this book assumes no prior knowledge of politics. These features make it ideal reading for general readers as
well as for those who are just beginning to study politics at undergraduate level.

List of illustrations

1 Politics
This chapter
Politics in everyday life
What is politics
Approaches to the study of politics?
Traditional scholarship
Social science and politics
Schools of political science
Theories, models, paradigms
Radical and postmodernist criticism
Recommended reading 

2 Systems 
This chapter
States and societies
Politics without the state: tribal societies
States without nations: kingdoms 
States without nations: empires 
Nations and states
The nation state and sovereignty
Politics between states
Politics beyond the state: international institutions 
Multinational enterprises and ‘globalisation’ 
Politics as a universal activity 
Recommended reading 

3 Concepts 
This chapter 
Human nature and politics 
Is the state necessary? 
Why should i obey the state? 
The nature of authority 
What is justice? 
Individualism versus collectivism 
Rights: natural, human, legal 
Positive and negative freedom 
Analysing political concepts 
Recommended reading 

4 Ideologies
This chapter 
‘Right’ versus ‘left’ 
The old right: monarchism 
The radical right: Nazism and fascism 
Leninism and Stalinism 
Other Marxisms 
Radical theism – Catholic, Protestant and Islamic 
Ecology as political radicalism 
Feminism as political radicalism 
Thatcherism and neo-conservatism 
Christian democracy 
Socialism and social democracy 
Communitarianism and the ‘third way’ 
Recommended reading 

5 Processes 
This chapter .
Political identity 
Political socialisation and political culture 
Localism, nationalism, religion and ethnicity 
Racial and ethnic conflict 
Dominance, assimilation and social pluralism 
Elites, classes and political pluralism 
Political change 
Coups d’├ętat and revolutions 
Terror and terrorism 
Class conflict in the twenty-first century 
Post-industrial politics: the information polity? 
‘North’ versus ‘South’? 
Recommended reading 

6 States 
This chapter 
Types of state 
Democracy, the welfare state and the market 
Forms of representative democracy 
Military autocracy 
Civil autocracy 
Totalitarian governments 
Nazi government 
Soviet government 
Islamic government – breaking the mould? 
Multi-level government 
European political institutions 
Local government 
Recommended reading 

7 Democracy
This chapter 
How can government be ‘democratic’? 
Participation and direct democracy 
Choosing rulers 
Electoral systems 
The executive 
The legislature 177
The judiciary 
Constitutions and constitutionalism 
Rights and constitutions 
Pluralist policy making 
Political communication 
Political parties 
‘Spin’ and political marketing 
The permanent campaign 
Interest groups 
The mass media
The Internet 
Democracy and communication 
Recommended reading 

8 Policies 
This chapter .
Public policy problems and solutions 
The choice of social decision-making mechanisms 
The case for the market 
Problems of market decision making 
Voluntary organisation 
Rational policy making: bureaucracy 
Problems with ‘rational’ policy making 
Incremental decision making 
The policy process 
Implementing public policy 
Managing local public policy 
Multi-level governance 
Evaluating public policy 
Monitoring performance in public policy 
Evaluating policy outcomes: the distribution of wealth and income 
The political policy-making process 
A crisis in democratic politics? 
Taking political action 
Recommended reading 
Appendix: sources on politics 
Author Details 
Stephen D. Tansey has taught Politics at the universities of Ife (Nigeria), Exeter and Bournemouth, for the Open University and the WEA. He is the author of Business, Information Technology and Society (also published by Routledge).

Nigel Jackson has worked as a parliamentary agent for a UK political party, for an MP and as a parliamentary lobbyist. Teaching at the University of Plymouth, his research interests are in political communication and political marketing, especially online.

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