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Thursday, November 1, 2018

REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING TEXTBOOK (Free PDF)



Module 1
Principles of refrigeration: Thermodynamics of refrigeration - Carnot cycle, reversed carnot cycle, heat pump, and refrigerating machine- coefficient of performance - unit of refrigeration - refrigeration methods- conventional refrigeration systems. Air refrigeration system- Bell Coleman cycle - C.O.P. capacity work and refrigerant flow requirements in Bell - Coleman cycle.

Module 2
Vapour compression system: simple cycle -comparison with Carnot cycle - theoretical, actual and reactive - COP effect of operating parameters on COP - wet, dry and superheated compression - under cooling - actual cycle representation on TS and PH diagrams simple problems. Advanced vapour compression systems - multistage vapour compression systems - flash chamber multiple compression and evaporation systems cascading - simple problems.

Module 3
Vapour absorption systems: simple, cycles - actual cycle - ammonia water and lithium bromide water systems - COP - electrolux system. Refrigerant and their properties: Nomenclature - suitability of refrigerants for various applications - unconventional refrigeration methods- Vortex tube, steam-jet, magnetic (cryogenics) refrigeration and thermoelectric refrigeration - applied refrigeration house hold refrigerators - unit air conditioners and water coolers - ice plant cold storage.

Module 4
Refrigeration system components: condensers - water and air cooled condensers - evaporative condensers - expansion devises - capillary tube- constant pressure expansion valve - thermostatic expansion valve - float valve and solenoid valve - evaporators - natural convection coils - flooded evaporators - direct expansion coils. Reciprocating compressors: single stage and multistage compressors - work done optimum pressure ratio- effect of interfolding - volumetric efficiency -effect of clearance - isothermal and adiabatic efficiency - compressed air motors. Rotodynamic compressors: Screw and vane type compressors - principle of operation - hermetic, semihermetic and open type refrigeration compressors.

Module 5
Principles of air conditioning: Psychrometry and psychrometric chart thermodynamics of human comfort - effective temperature - comfort chart applied psychrometry - sensible heat factor - psychometric process-problems. Winter air conditioning: heating load calculations humidifiers and humidistat. Summer air conditioning: cooling load calculations - year round air conditioning - unitary and central systems - principles of air distribution - design of air duct systems.

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